12 Best Exodus Commentaries You Should Start With

By | 2018-03-23T22:05:01+00:00 June 6th, 2017|
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The word Exodus means “exit” or “departure”. The book of Exodus begins about four hundred years after the point where Genesis ends. In Genesis, Egypt had been a hospitable place where God providentially elevated Joseph so that he could save the lives of Abraham’s descendants.1Source

The overarching theme of Exodus is the fulfillment of God’s promises to the patriarchs. The success of the exodus must be credited to the power and purpose of God, who remembers his promises, punishes sin, and forgives the repentant. The book highlights Moses’ faithfulness and prayerfulness.2Source

Best Commentaries on Exodus Commentaries


The New American Commentary

Douglas K. Stuart is the primary author of Exodus: An Exegetical and Theological Exposition of Holy Scripturefrom The New American Commentary. Highly regarded as a go-to for the minister or Bible student who wants to understand and expound their understanding of the Scriptures, this series is readable and scholarly simultaneously.

Key features include: commentary based on the new international version, sound scholarly methodology that reflects research in the original languages, NIV text printed in the body of the commentary, interpretation emphasizing the theological unity of each book, and readable and applicable exposition.


Bible Speaks Today

J. Alec Motyer was a renowned Old Testament pastor and scholar who died in 2016. He was principal of Trinity College in Bristol, England, and was well known as a Bible expositor. He leaves behind The Message of Exodus: The Days of Our Pilgrimage from Bible Speaks Today.

In his easy to understand and engaging commentary on Exodus, Motyer explores the character of God through his covenant promises and persistent faithfulness to the people of Israel. Bible Speaks Today is known for a great balance between pastoral and scholarly commentaries.


Exodus: A Mentor Commentary

Part of the Mentor Commentary series, author John L. Mackay interacts with other scholars in either text or footnotes in Exodus. In addition to exploring the meaning of the text he examines the chronology, authorship, composition and structure of Exodus. He wraps up each section with a reflective comment. This is a very reliable and readable commentary with an accessible style; a worthy addition to the Mentor series.


Preaching the Word

Philip Graham Ryken, PhD – the eighth president of Wheaton College and former senior minister of Philadelphia’s historic Tenth Presbyterian Church – delivers a majestic book of Exodus in Exodus: Saved for God’s Glory. 

Both theologically instructive and extrememly practical, this commentary moves readers to great rejoicing at God’s work in the life of every person following him on the path to spiritual freedom.  Part of the Preaching the Word family, this book is both scholarly and understandable.


A Critical, Theological Commentary

A classic commentary with first-rate scholarship, The Book of Exodus (1974): A Critical, Theological Commentaryby Brevard Childs gives an entirely original treatment to the book of Exodus. This commentary includes a form-critical section, looking at the growth of the tradition in its previous stages; a consideration of the meaning of the text in its present form; and a consideration of its meaning in its total Old Testament context.  The other contributors all have international standing in theology and provide a tour-de-force on Exodus.


A Commentary on the Book of Exodus

Written by Umberto Moshe David Cassuto, this translated work ranks among the finest modern contributions to the treasury of Biblical learning.  Cassuto shows off his brilliance and clear understanding of Exodus and provides a spectacular, concise commentary from the Jewish perspective.  A must read Exodus commentary.


Tyndale Old Testament Commentary

The premier shorter-length commentary series throughout the English-speaking, the Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries presents Exodus by the late R. Alan Cole.  Cole was lecturer in Old Testament at Moore Theological College, Sydney, and Trinity Theological College, Singapore.

The introduction to each Tyndale volume gives a concise but thorough description of the authorship, date and historical background of the biblical book under consideration. Tyndale commentary itself examines the text section by section, drawing out its main themes. Additionally, it comments on individual verses and deals with problems of interpretation. The original, unrevised text of Exodus has been completely retypeset and printed in a larger, more attractive format with the beautiful new cover design for the series.


Calvin’s Commentaries

The Calvins Commentaries are a 22 volume classic commentary set on the Old and New Testaments that are complete and unabridged. Written in a clear, lucid style, each volume provides profound reverence for the Bible with a rare objectivity in its exegesis.

They are translated from the original Latin and compared with the French edition. A beautiful, thorough and must have set if you want a great understanding of scripture.


The NIV Application Commentary

By Peter Enns, PhD – the Harvard educated Abram S. Clemens professor of Biblical Studies at Eastern University – this volume is readable, organized and insightful. It cuts to the chase, bringing this ancient and powerful Word of God into today’s time so that it can he heard and believed with all the freshness and necessity of a new day.

Enns works through the book passage by passage and eloquently and soundly demonstrates the timeless relevance of Exodus.  Part of the NIV Application Commentary Series, which helps readers with both halves of the interpretive task and shows how to bring an ancient message into a modern context.


Gleanings Series Arthur Pink

By Arthur W. Pink, Gleanings in Exodus contains exhaustive studies that bring out deep theological and spiritual truths from the Scriptures. Although it’s a long book, it’s easy to digest and will become a valuable resource in your library.

Pink, who died in 1952, was born in England.  He became a follower of Jesus at age 22 and left England in 1910 to study at Moody Bible Institute. In his writings, Pink unearths a vivid and deep perspective of the Bible that will add valuable substance to your life.


MacArthur Old Testament Study Guides

Written by John MacArthur, Exodus from Egypt examines the historical period beginning with God’s calling of Moses, continuing through the giving of the Ten Commandments, and concluding with Moses’ death. The book includes close-ups of Moses, Aaron, Caleb, and others, as well as careful considerations of doctrinal themes, like  “In God’s Service” and “Justice versus Mercy”.   MacArthur is the pastor-teacher of Grace Community Church in Sun Valley, California and president of the Master’s College and Seminary

This book is part of the twelve-volume MacArthur Old Testament Study Guide series which provides insightful twelve-week examinations of the entire Old Testament. Each guide looks at a portion of Scripture from three perspectives – historical studies, character studies and thematic studies.


Preaching the Word

In this Apollos Old Testament Commentary volume, Desmond Alexander grapples with the many and varied complexities of the carefully constructed literary collage of Exodus. As an integral part of the longer narrative that runs from Genesis to 2 Kings, Exodus recounts a dramatic and unified story of how the Israelites come to a deep and close relationship with the Lord God. Narrating past events, Exodus speaks to contemporary society, revealing a God who passionately desires to draw people into an intimate and exclusive relationship with himself. This detailed commentary sheds fresh light on one of the most influential books ever written.


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